What is an Excel Function?

A function in Excel is a preset formula, that helps perform mathematical, statistical and logical operations. Once you are familiar with the function you want to use, all you have to do is enter an equal sign (=) in the cell, followed by the name of the function and the cell range it applies to.

Most Frequently Used Functions in Excel

The most frequently used functions in Excel are:

List of all Excel Functions

But there are hundreds of other preset formulas offered by Excel:

ABS
ACCRINT
ACCRINTM
ACOS
ACOSH
ACOT
ACOTH
ADDRESS
AGGREGATE
AMORDEGRC
AMORLINC
AND
ARABIC
AREAS
ASC
ASIN
ASINH
ATAN
ATAN2
ATANH
AVEDEV
AVERAGE
AVERAGEA
AVERAGEIF
AVERAGEIFS
BAHTTEXT
BASE
BESSELI
BESSELJ
BESSELK
BESSELY
BETA.DIST
BETA.INV
BETADIST
BETAINV
BIN2DEC
BIN2HEX
BIN2OCT
BINOM.DIST
BINOM.DIST.RANGE
BINOM.INV
BINOMDIST
BITAND
BITLSHIFT
BITOR
BITRSHIFT
BITXOR
CALL
CEILING
CEILING.MATH
CEILING.PRECISE
CELL
CHAR
CHIDIST
CHIINV
CHISQ.DIST
CHISQ.DIST.RT
CHISQ.INV
CHISQ.INV.RT
CHISQ.TEST
CHITEST
CHOOSE
CLEAN
CODE
COLUMN
COLUMNS
COMBIN
COMBINA
COMPLEX
CONCATENATE
CONFIDENCE
CONFIDENCE.NORM
CONFIDENCE.T
CONVERT
CORREL
COS
COSH
COT
COTH
COUNT
COUNTA
COUNTBLANK
COUNTIF
COUNTIFS
COUPDAYBS
COUPDAYS
COUPDAYSNC
COUPNCD
COUPNUM
COUPPCD
COVAR
COVARIANCE.P
COVARIANCE.S
CRITBINOM
CSC
CSCH
CUBEKPIMEMBER
CUBEMEMBER
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY
CUBERANKEDMEMBER
CUBESET
CUBESETCOUNT
CUBEVALUE
CUMIPMT
CUMPRINC
DATE
DATEVALUE
DAVERAGE
DAY
DAYS
DAYS360
DB
DBCS
DCOUNT
DCOUNTA
DDB
DEC2BIN
DEC2HEX
DEC2OCT
DECIMAL
DEGREES
DELTA
DEVSQ
DGET
DISC
DMAX
DMIN
DOLLAR
DOLLARDE
DOLLARFR
DPRODUCT
DSTDEV
DSTDEVP
DSUM
DURATION
DVAR
DVARP
EDATE
EFFECT
ENCODEURL
EOMONTH
ERF
ERF.PRECISE
ERFC
ERFC.PRECISE
ERROR.TYPE
EUROCONVERT
EVEN
EXACT
EXP
EXPON.DIST
EXPONDIST
F.DIST
F.DIST.RT
F.INV
F.INV.RT
F.TEST
FACT
FACTDOUBLE
FALSE
FDIST
FILTERXML
FIND, FINDB
FINV
FISHER
FISHERINV
FIXED
FLOOR
FLOOR.MATH
FLOOR.PRECISE
FORECAST
FORMULATEXT
FREQUENCY
FTEST
FV
FVSCHEDULE
GAMMA
GAMMA.DIST
GAMMA.INV
GAMMADIST
GAMMAINV
GAMMALN
GAMMALN.PRECISE
GAUSS
GCD
GEOMEAN
GESTEP
GETPIVOTDATA
GROWTH
HARMEAN
HEX2BIN
HEX2DEC
HEX2OCT
HLOOKUP
HOUR
HYPERLINK
HYPGEOM.DIST
HYPGEOMDIST
IF
IFERROR
IFNA
IMABS
IMAGINARY
IMARGUMENT
IMCONJUGATE
IMCOS
IMCOSH
IMCOT
IMCSC
IMCSCH
IMDIV
IMEXP
IMLN
IMLOG10
IMLOG2
IMPOWER
IMPRODUCT
IMREAL
IMSEC
IMSECH
IMSIN
IMSINH
IMSQRT
IMSUB
IMSUM
IMTAN
INDEX
INDIRECT
INFO
INT
INTERCEPT
INTRATE
IPMT
IRR
ISBLANK
ISERR
ISERROR
ISEVEN
ISFORMULA
ISLOGICAL
ISNA
ISNONTEXT
ISNUMBER
ISO.CEILING
ISODD
ISOWEEKNUM
ISPMT
ISREF
ISTEXT
KURT
LARGE
LCM
LEFT, LEFTB
LEN, LENB
LINEST
LN
LOG
LOG10
LOGEST
LOGINV
LOGNORM.DIST
LOGNORM.INV
LOGNORMDIST
LOOKUP
LOWER
MATCH
MAX
MAXA
MDETERM
MDURATION
MEDIAN
MID, MIDB
MIN
MINA
MINUTE
MINVERSE
MIRR
MMULT
MOD
MODE
MODE.MULT
MODE.SNGL
MONTH
MROUND
MULTINOMIAL
MUNIT
N
NA
NEGBINOM.DIST
NEGBINOMDIST
NETWORKDAYS
NETWORKDAYS.INTL
NOMINAL
NORM.DIST
NORM.INV
NORM.S.DIST
NORM.S.INV
NORMDIST
NORMINV
NORMSDIST
NORMSINV
NOT
NOW
NPER
NPV
NUMBERVALUE
OCT2BIN
OCT2DEC
OCT2HEX
ODD
ODDFPRICE
ODDFYIELD
ODDLPRICE
ODDLYIELD
OFFSET
OR
PDURATION
PEARSON
PERCENTILE
PERCENTILE.EXC
PERCENTILE.INC
PERCENTRANK
PERCENTRANK.EXC
PERCENTRANK.INC
PERMUT
PERMUTATIONA
PHI
PHONETIC
PI
PMT
POISSON
POISSON.DIST
POWER
PPMT
PRICE
PRICEDISC
PRICEMAT
PROB
PRODUCT
PROPER
PV
QUARTILE
QUARTILE.EXC
QUARTILE.INC
QUOTIENT
RADIANS
RAND
RANDBETWEEN
RANK
RANK.AVG
RANK.EQ
RATE
RECEIVED
REGISTER.ID
REPLACE, REPLACEB
REPT
RIGHT, RIGHTB
ROMAN
ROUND
ROUNDDOWN
ROUNDUP
ROW
ROWS
RRI
RSQ
RTD
SEARCH, SEARCHB
SEC
SECH
SECOND
SERIESSUM
SHEET
SHEETS
SIGN
SIN
SINH
SKEW
SKEW.P
SLN
SLOPE
SMALL
SQL.REQUEST
SQRT
SQRTPI
STANDARDIZE
STDEV
STDEV.P
STDEV.S
STDEVA
STDEVP
STDEVPA
STEYX
SUBSTITUTE
SUBTOTAL
SUM
SUMIF
SUMIFS
SUMPRODUCT
SUMSQ
SUMX2MY2
SUMX2PY2
SUMXMY2
SYD
T
T.DIST
T.DIST.2T
T.DIST.RT
T.INV
T.INV.2T
T.TEST
TAN
TANH
TBILLEQ
TBILLPRICE
TBILLYIELD
TDIST
TEXT
TIME
TIMEVALUE
TINV
TODAY
TRANSPOSE
TREND
TRIM
TRIMMEAN
TRUE
TRUNC
TTEST
TYPE
UNICHAR
UNICODE
UPPER
VALUE
VAR
VAR.P
VAR.S
VARA
VARP
VARPA
VDB
VLOOKUP
WEBSERVICE
WEEKDAY
WEEKNUM
WEIBULL
WEIBULL.DIST
WORKDAY
WORKDAY.INTL
XIRR
XNPV
XOR
YEAR
YEARFRAC
YIELD
YIELDDISC
YIELDMAT
Z.TEST
ZTEST

The Risk of Vulnerable Functions

Most of the functions mentioned above are rock-solid, but a couple of them we consider vulnerable functions. Some of which are frequently used by many Excel professionals. We suggest you try to avoid using them. Excel offers a range of fine alternatives. PerfectXL helps you discover vulnerable functions in your spreadsheet and helps you find the safe(r) alternatives.

Excel Functions Translated

Excel is available in many different languages. The functions in Excel are translated for every language. Sometimes this is hard to remember the names of the functions in different languages. Please use the translation pages below, in case you find yourself working with a different language than you’re used to: